Of the Rest of South Africa

(Which can be Fatal to Humans)

Common Name Scientific Name Where Found Type of Venom Immediate first Aid
Cape Cobra Naja Nivea ALL western South Africa Neurotoxic Venom Pressure bandage, immobilise limb, transport to hospital immediately, support breathing
Coral Snake Aspidelaps lubricus NC, WC, N of EC Neurotoxic Venom(?) Pressure bandage, immobilise limb, transport to hospital
Black Spitting Cobra Naja nigricollis woodi NC, N or WC Cytotoxic Venom Transport to hospital. Treat eyes as for Rinkhals.
Mozambique Spitting Cobra Naja mossambica NWP, NP, MPL, N of KZN Virulently Cytotoxic Venom - some Neurotoxic effects Transport to hospital Treat eyes as for Rinkhals.
Forest Cobra Naja melanoleuca N of KZN Neurotoxic Venom Pressure bandage, immobilise limb, transport rapidly to hospital
Snouted Cobra Naja annulifera NWP, NP, GTG, MPL, N of KZN Neurotoxic Venom Pressure bandage, immobilise limb, transport rapidly to hospital
Black Mamba Dendroaspis polylepis NWP, NP, MPL, N of KZN Virulently Neurotoxic Venom Pressure bandage, immobilise limb, transport to hospital at fastest possible speed
Green Mamba Dendroaspis angusticeps KZN - N of EC Neurotoxic Venom Pressure bandage, immobilise limb, transport to hospital
Rinkhals Hemachatus Haemachatus WC, EC, FS, KZN, NWP, GTG, S of KZN, Neurotoxic Venom Pressure bandage, immobilise limb, transport to hospital
Puffadder Bitis Arietans ALL Cytotoxic Venom Transport to hospital
Gaboon Adder Bitis gabonica N of KZN Cytotoxic Venom - some neurotoxic properties Pressure bandage, immobilise limb, transport to hospital immediately
Boomslang Dispholidus Typus WC, EC, MPL, NP, GTG, FS, KZN, NWP Haemotoxic Venom Pressure bandage, immobilise limb, transport to hospital
Twig Snake Thelotornis capensis MPL, NP, KZN Haemotoxic Venom Pressure bandage, immobilise limb, transport to hospital.

And those which inflict painful but not fatal bites.

Common Name Scientific Name Where Found Type of Venom
Berg Adder Bitis Atropos WC, EC, KZN, MPL. Montane. Neurotoxic
Horned Adder Bitis caudalis NC, NWP, NP, GTG Mildly cytotoxic
Many-horned Adder Bitis cornuta NC Virulently cytotoxic - yield is small
Desert Mountain Adder Bitis xeropaga NC Mildly cytotoxic
Red Adder Bitis rubida WC Mildly cytotoxic
Peringuey's Adder Bitis peringueyi NC Mildly cytotoxic
Plain Mountain Adder Bitis inornata EC Mildly cytotoxic
Namaqua Dwarf Adder Bitis schneideri NC Mildly cytotoxic
Southern Adder Bitis armata WC Mildly cytotoxic
Albany Adder Bitis albanica EC Mildly cytotoxic
Common/Rhombic Night Adder Causus rhombeatus WC, EC, KZN, MPL, NP, GTG, NWP, FS Weakly cytotoxic
Snouted Night Adder Causus defilippii KZN, MPL Mildly cytotoxic
Many-Spotted Snake Amplorhinus multimaculatus WC, EC, KZN, MPL Mildly cytotoxic
Shield-nose Snake Aspidelaps scutatus NP Mildly neurotoxic
Spotted Harlequin Snake Homoroselaps lacteus WC, EC, FS, KZN, GTG, NP Mild neurotoxin
Boulenger's Garter Snake Elapsoidea boulengeri KZN, MPL, NP Mild neurotoxin
Sundevall's Garter Snake Elapsoidea sundevalli NP, GTG, MPL, KZN, FS Mild neurotoxin
Olive Grass Snake Psammophis mossambicus KZN, MPL Mildly neurotoxic?
Yellow-Bellied Sea Snake Pelamis platurus All of East Coast. Virulently neurotoxic and myotoxic
Bibron's Burrowing Asp
Stiletto Snake
Atractaspis bibroni KZN, MPL, NP, NWP, GTG Cytotoxic
Duerden's Burrowing Asp Atractaspis duerdeni NWP Cytotoxic

KEY to AREAS

WC - Western Cape EC - Eastern Cape NC - Northern Cape FS - Free State
KZN - Kwa-Zulu Natal GTG - Gauteng NWP - North Western Province NP - Northern Province
MPL - Mapumalanga ALL - All of South Africa N - North S - South

Back to the Venomous Snakes of the Peninsula.


Copyright: Séan Thomas & Eugene Griessel - Dec 1999.